The fable - the moral
The moral in the fable, the fable's animal.
In the fables we find the moral: why? What does it want to teach us? Let's try to find out (trace-track) this important aspect in the structure of the Fable through the following introduction.
In the fables the animals represent the men with their
faults and virtues; the nature, which is the setting of
the various events, has a secondary role; the fables' author is not
interested in placing the animal in its habitat, but rather in describing
its behaviours in order to remind the reader of the rules of living
which regulate human society. Each fable must
include a moral truth or a teaching of practical wisdom, often clearly
expressed in a maxim.
The fable's animal loses sometimes, and more and more frequently as nearer we come to modern times, every psychologically distinctive characterization, in order to become a simple excuse for the introduction of a moral conclusion: the moral aim is undoubtedly predominant.
In the ancient fables, with no critical reading, the message the reader could get is that it is necessary to adapt oneself to the society where one lives, accepting one's own conditions of living. It does not always exist a clear critical outlook of rules commonly accepted as tradition.